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Training Courses

Customizable and Manufacturer Neutral
About Our Courses

All courses are instructor-led and hands-on intensive. We typically bring training to our customers, however, we also provide training for contractors at our facility in San Ramon, California and at locations across the country.

  • Workbook-based training.
  • Hardware & test equipment is generic.
  • No PowerPoint™ presentations.
  • Frequencies and system components are tailored to each customer's requirements.
  • All courses are hands-on and manufacturer-neutral.
  • Some courses are customizable. Contact us for details.

Upcoming RF Courses

No RF Courses are currently scheduled. Please call us if you'd like to discuss scheduling an on-site course for your organization.

Upcoming Fiber Courses

No Fiber Courses are currently scheduled. Please call us if you'd like to discuss scheduling an on-site course for your organization.

Course Descriptions

Courses are categorized as shown below. Expand a category to view course descriptions.

Customizable Certification Track Field Work

Network Security
Wireless Network Security (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00980-EN)
This is a hands-on intensive and manufacturer neutral workbook-based course. No prior knowledge of networking is required. The goal of this course is to teach individuals how to properly setup wireless (WiFi) networks against varying levels of external threats. Students will implement actual networks in class and then see how well they survive against external threats. Topics include a review of the various levels of network security, how to identify and avoid rogue devices, improper network segmentation and protocols, MAC address limitations, and the various tools available to evaluate and monitor your network’s security against external threats. Our approach is different in that we teach by giving students the tools to learn through classroom labs. Plan to take notes as there will be no overhead PowerPointTM presentations. This is a prerequisite course for more advanced courses regarding spoofing. Course can be modified for customer premise training.
Precision Power Measurements
RF Fundamentals (5 Days, Course Number 0300-00642-EN)
Course focuses on RF fundamentals and how it applies to precision power measurements. Frequencies, system components, and measurements are customized to each specific customer’s requirements. RF topics include dBx conversions, dB/dBx math, composite power, insertion loss, inverse square law, EIRP, and link budgets. Advanced topics include the device third-order intercept (TOI) point, 1-dB compression (p1dB) point, saturation (PSAT) point, harmonics, and intermodulation. An introduction to thermal noise and device noise figure is covered. System components include couplers, mixers, combiners/splitters, low noise amplifiers (LNAs), antennas (gains and patterns), attenuators/terminators, and filters. Measurements include return loss/VSWR, distance-to-fault (DTF), and insertion loss. Course contains multiple labs, and potential customer specific system labs.
Spectrum Analyzers & Power Meters (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00455-EN)
Manufacturer neutral workbook-based course focuses on the use of spectrum analyzers and power meters to make repeatable and consistent precision power measurements. No prior knowledge of these devices is required. Spectrum analyzer topics include screen setup scenarios, video bandwidth (VBW) vs. signal smoothing, resolutions bandwidth (RBW) vs. noise and signal power levels, power density vs. true (integrated) power, occupied bandwidth (OBW), detectors, data points, and graphing a unit’s third order intercept (TOI) point. Continuous wave (CW) vs. modulated signals and external signal references are also covered. Power meter topics include calibration and setup. The frequencies and system components are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. Course contains multiple labs, and potential customer specific system labs.
RF Fundamentals, Spectrum Analyzers & Power Meters (5 Days, Course Number 0300-01045-EN)
Accelerated manufacturer neutral course focusing on RF fundamentals, spectrum analyzers, and power meters for precision power measurements. It combines the courses, RF Fundamentals (0300-00642-EN) and Spectrum Analyzers and Power Meters (0300-00455-EN). Includes automated online process after classroom training. RF topics include dBx conversions, composite power, insertion loss, inverse square law, EIRP, TOI, P1dB, PSAT, harmonics, intermodulation, noise, system component analysis. Spectrum analyzer topics include VBW, RBW vs. noise and signal power levels, power density vs. true power, OBW, detectors, data points, and saturation. Power meter topics include calibration and setup. The frequencies and system components are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. Course contains multiple labs, and potential customer specific system labs.
Advanced Noise Applications for Wireless Systems (4 Days, Course Number 0300-00204-EN)
This is a customizable hands-on and manufacturer neutral course. It covers the absolute power, noise and signal power density, noise figure (NF), and signal-to-noise (SNR) of customer specific RF components, frequencies, and systems. Customer specific system configurations are recreated in the classroom, so students learn by using their spectrum analyzers and/or watt meters to determine the NF impact of various designs. Y-Factor diagrams are created in class to determine the NF. Students learn the drawbacks of using a spectrum analyzer versus a watt meter. Multiple approaches are provided to determine SNR. Also includes a more detailed look at band pass filters and their equivalent noise bandwidth (ENBW) and shape factor. The course contains classroom lecture and multiple labs. Field exercise opportunities can be arranged in advance.
Compression & Its Measurements (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00228-EN)
This course covers the analysis of the non-linear (top end) portion of a system’s performance parameters. Students use their knowledge and hands-on experience gained from our noise applications course to calculate and measure a system’s dynamic range. Spectrum analyzers, power meters, and/or receivers are used on various in-class labs to learn topics via hands-on analysis. Topics include the generation and analysis of a system’s transfer function and its 1 dB and 3dB saturation points, the impact to a system’s transfer function as the input power changes, and the impact of intermodulation (mixing). Students learn how to measure and calculate the system 3rd order input intercept point (IIP3). This course manufacturer neutral.
Advanced Non-Ionizing Radiation Emission & Leakage Testing (3 Days, Course Number 0300-01035-EN)
This is a hands-on non-ionizing radiation (NIR) course that takes fundamental and complex mathematical relationships and breaks them down into simple to understand steps. Classroom training is followed by a unique online certification. Scenarios can be customized to fit the specific needs of the customer. We teach individuals how to properly identify, capture, measure, report, resolve and prevent emission issues per relevant standards. This is an advanced course that applies topics learned from prior courses. Certification: This is a combination of online questions, labs using test equipment, fieldwork, and phone interviews. A temporary certification is awarded for successfully completing the classroom training. Individuals completing the online training receive a permanent certification, and an option for a free online recertification after 2-years.
Spectrum Management, Interference Analysis, & Signal Tracking
Spectrum Analysis & Interference Hunting Level 1 (1 Days, Course Number 0300-00160-EN)
This workbook-based manufacturer neutral course focuses on spectrum analyzers and/or receivers for interference analysis and signal tracking. No prior knowledge of these devices or interference analysis is required. Device topics include screen setup scenarios, video bandwidth (VBW) vs. signal smoothing, resolutions bandwidth (RBW) vs. noise and signal power levels, power density, occupied bandwidth (OBW), system and over-the-air spectrum analysis, and test unit saturation. Customer specific frequency bands and signals will also be covered. Interference topics cover signal tracking techniques. Includes an interference hunting exercise. The frequencies are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. Course contains multiple labs and a field exercise. It may be possible to identify actual customer specific external interference as part of the field exercise.
Spectrum Analysis & Interference Hunting Level 2 (2 Days, Course Number 0300-00168-EN)
This manufacturer neutral workbook-based course is a continuation of our introductory course Spectrum Analysis and Interference Hunting Level-1 (0300-00160-EN). It focuses on more advanced device parameters and interference hunting setup scenarios. Topics include device amplitude conversions (such as dBµV - customer specific), advanced RBW, advanced markers (if applicable), data points, detectors, power density conversions, thermal noise and device noise figure, external high gain low noise amplifiers (LNAs) vs. interference hunting setup noise figure, waterfalls (if applicable), field strength monitors (if applicable). The frequencies are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. Course contains multiple labs and at least two field exercises. It may be possible to identify multiple actual customer specific external interference as part of the field exercise.
Spectrum Analysis, PIM & Interference (1 Days, Course Number 0300-00671-EN)
This workbook-based manufacturer neutral course focuses on spectrum analyzers and/or receivers, and interference analysis. It is commonly taken in conjunction with our 3-day course Advanced Antenna Line & PIM RF Analysis Course (0300-00670-EN), which provides the RF background to troubleshoot complex antenna systems and locate internal and external PIM using DTP and/or RTF. Each course has an optional online certification. No prior experience with spectrum analyzers, receivers, or interference analysis is required. Topics include screen setup scenarios, VBW vs. signal smoothing, RBW vs. noise and signal power levels, power density, saturation, and occupied bandwidth (OBW). Students will learn how to setup their test equipment to monitor spectrum, perform proper power measurements, search for hidden external PIM, and triangulate external interference.
RF Interference Hunting (5 Days, Course Number 0300-00460-EN)
This manufacturer neutral course is field intensive. The goal is to get individuals comfortable with their test equipment and/or tracking devices to identify, monitor, and track signals. This can include interference hunting and/or signal monitoring. Individuals should have a firm understand of RF fundamentals and spectrum analyzers and/or receivers. Scenarios presented include constant and intermittent narrow and broadband sources. Field exercises are backed up with mathematical models to better assist individuals with accessing their performance. The frequencies, pertinent signals, and interference scenarios are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements.
Passive Intermodulation (PIM) Level 1 (2 Days, Course Number 0300-00187-EN)
This workbook-based manufacturer neutral course focuses on identifying, locating, resolving, and preventing system passive intermodulation (PIM). Individuals should have a firm understand of RF fundamentals and spectrum analyzers and/or receivers. No prior knowledge of PIM test equipment is required. General topics include harmonics, intermodulation, free space loss, IM3 vs. antenna height, and IM3 vs. tone power levels (CW and modulated signals considered). PIM test equipment topics include locating PIM sources using DTP and/or RTF. Additional topics include locating PIM sources using a spectrum analyzer and antenna. The frequencies are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. Course contains multiple labs and two field exercises. It may be possible to identify actual customer specific external PIM as part of the field exercise.
RF Broadband Interference & Its Impact on PS Networks (4 Days, Course Number 0300-00410-EN)
This is a hands-on course that utilizes LTE and Project 25 (P25) emulators and signal generators (for UMTS or CDMA) to recreate commonly experienced RF interference scenarios in the classroom. Our main goal is to teach individuals how to properly identify, report, resolve and prevent public safety interference. FCC regulations and 3GPP standards will be considered for interference between wireless carriers and public safety communications. This is an advanced course that applies topics learned from prior courses such as compression, noise, dynamic range, active vs. passive intermodulation, composite vs. peak power, and system vs. over-the-air power measurements. Topics include properly measuring the power received by a public safety handset and/or mobile device, identifying/capturing the cause(s) for receive failures and reporting issues to the FCC. This includes properly deploying new and temporary LTE and (UMTS or CDMA) sites. This course is not manufacturer specific.
Antenna System Analysis (Coaxial & Microwave)
Advanced Antenna Line & PIM RF Analysis (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00670-EN)
This workbook-based manufacturer neutral course focuses on RF fundamentals, composite power, and the analysis of complex coaxial antenna systems and their related components. This course is commonly taken in conjunction with our 1-day course Spectrum Analysis, PIM & Interference RF Course (0300-00671-EN), which provides the necessary background on spectrum analyzers and/or receivers to locate and resolve external interference. Both courses have an optional online certification. We will challenge the most seasoned individual regardless of experience and/or past training. Topics for this course includes an in depth look at RF fundamentals, testing common RF components and antenna systems, common PIM signatures, and locating internal and external PIM (using DTP and/or RTF). Course contains multiple labs and the potential for a field exercise.
Coax Cable Analysis using TDR & FDR (2 Days, Course Number 0300-00453-EN)
This course is manufacturer neutral. The frequencies and system components are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. This is a comprehensive RF training course that will challenge the most seasoned individual regardless of experience and/or past training. Topics include test unit calibrations, return loss vs. VSWR, return loss/VSWR vs. system forward power, distance-to-fault (DTF) fault resolution, time-domain reflectometry (TDR) vs. frequency-domain reflectometry (FDR) DTF analysis, identifying failure types using DTF TDR, filter return loss/VSWR and insertion loss measurements, and 2-port insertion loss and gain measurements. Course contains classroom lecture, multiple labs, group exercises, and potential field exercise opportunities.
Base Station Line Sweeping & RF Analysis Level 1 (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00153-EN)
This course is manufacturer neutral. It provides the necessary fundamental RF background information required for other more advanced technical courses. The frequencies and system components are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. This comprehensive RF training course will challenge the most seasoned individual regardless of experience and/or past training. Topics include dBm vs. milliwatts, ERP vs. EIRP calculations, power splitters and combiners, composite power, power measurements, proper use of attenuators, return loss, distance-to-fault (simple and complex configurations), fault resolution, windowing, filters (diplexers, duplexers, etc.), low noise amplifiers (LNAs), and RXAITs (if applicable). The course contains classroom lecture, multiple labs and potential field exercise opportunities.
Principles of Antennas & RF Propagation (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00229-EN)
This course takes what can be a complex (and sometimes boring) subject and breaks it down into simple to understand steps via hands-on labs. Course work can also include the analysis of actual complex customer specific spectrum issues in the field. Students learn how to properly setup their spectrum analyzers to measure, capture and analyze over-the-air signals for multiple scenarios per FCC regulations. This includes interference between a public safety channel and adjacent commercial spectrum. Topics include RF propagation and its impact on modulated signals such as LTE, how to approximate the location of an interference signal, and basic antenna theory from the prospective of the design, optimization and performance engineer. This course is not manufacturer specific.
Microwave Communications & Interference Analysis (4 Days, Course Number 0300-00355-EN)
This is a hands-on and manufacturer neutral course. The techniques learned in our prerequisite course(s) is expanded upon to analyze microwave communication systems. This includes the analysis of point-to-point loss and the external effects on this loss. The frequencies and system components are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. Topics covering internal analysis and design include test equipment calibrations for coax and waveguide transmission lines, return loss, distance-to-fault (DTF), DTF fault resolution, filters, power splitters and combiners, proper use of attenuators, power measurements, and ERP calculations. External considerations include free space loss calculations using atmospheric and rain losses. High RSSI is also considered. The course contains classroom lecture and multiple labs. Field exercise opportunities can be arranged in advance.
RF-over-Fiber
RF Spectrum Analysis Over Fiber, BBU Emulation & OTDR Testing (2 Days, Course Number 0300-00354-EN)
This workbook-based manufacturer neutral course expands upon the RF and spectrum analysis fundamentals learned in prior courses targeting systems where users have access to coax cabling for troubleshooting. These fundamentals are expanded to include systems with both fiber optics and coax cabling. Topics include an overview of fiber optic cables and small form-factor pluggables (SFPs), fiber inspections and cleaning, return loss, distance-to-fault (DTF), DTF fault resolution, insertion loss, baseband unit (BBU) emulation, common passive intermodulation (PIM) signatures, common fiber faults and their impact on RSSI, and spectrum analysis over fiber. The frequencies and radio manufacturer tests are tailored to each specific customer’s requirements. Course contains multiple labs and an optional field exercise.
Radar
Radar Basics & Troubleshooting (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00510-EN)
This is a hands-on and manufacturer neutral course presented from a RF troubleshooter’s point of view. Students will learn to identify, locate and resolve radar RF issues using their test equipment. Radar basic theory is also covered. The frequencies, system components, common RF signals, interference challenges, and test equipment are tailored to a customer’s requirements. Internal system analysis topics include return loss and/or VSWR, distance-to-fault (DTF), DTF fault resolution, transmit power, receiver sensitivity, signal-to-noise, and joints (if applicable) for systems with coaxial and waveguide transmission lines. External RF considerations include RF free space loss with propagation effects, clutter, and external interference. The course contains classroom lecture and multiple labs. Field exercise opportunities can be arranged in advance.
LTE
RF Passive Devices & Their Impact on LTE (4 Days, Course Number 0300-00254-EN)
This is a hands-on LTE course that delivers a comprehensive, practical and cost-effective set of techniques to ensure that the best possible error vector magnitude (EVM) is present at the eNB. LTE networks are primarily benchmarked against the maximum throughput delivered to end users. LTE spectral efficiency results from a flexible air interface, which relies upon High Order Modulation (HOM) schemes such as 64 QAM based on OFDM in DL. HOM schemes are extremely sensitive to EVM. Optimal user experience can therefore only be achieved by ensuring that any passive component inserted between the antenna and the transceiver is as transparent as possible. Too often, the job of RF routing focuses solely on insertion losses, ignoring other vital aspects of signal quality. EVM and its impact on throughput performance is introduced as a key metric via measurements on customer specific passives.
LTE eNB Calibration (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00339-EN)
This is a hands-on LTE course. With the introduction of LTE, the job of RF multiplexing is not any easier! On one hand, several restrictions (either regulatory, commercial or technical in nature) limit the number of antennas that can be mounted on a tower. On the other hand, LTE’s promised throughputs come at the expense of a greater number of bands, and therefore the need for a higher number of antennas. Because spectrum shortage has led to the introduction of new bands and band combinations, these constraints are not foreseen to abate. Through unique hands-on measurements on commercial LTE handsets, this training provides guidelines and techniques to perform optimal calibration of each RF path. Particular focus is applied to metrics which are often disregarded or ignored, yet which actually play a major role in delivering the best possible user experience.
LTE Cell Overlap & Its Impact on KPIs (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00310-EN)
This is a hands-on LTE course. Through classroom lab exercises, this training shows how sensitive LTE is to inter-cell interference for both the UL and DL. Special events are considered, discussing the nightmare of delivering a stable and an acceptable RF network performance to a large gathering of subscribers! With LTE, interference management is not yet equally supported by all network vendors. This course provides engineers with an in-depth knowledge of interference mechanisms and scenarios, as well as key techniques to resolve these issues.
LTE Small Cell Fundamentals Level 1 (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00341-EN)
This is a hands-on LTE course that explains the small cell concept, its benefits and its interference management challenges. Telecom operators must support ever increasing mobile data traffic volumes, while ensuring this does not impact their revenues. This implies that networks must be optimized to deliver higher capacity in a cost-efficient manner. Increasing the number of frequency bands is one option to improve capacity. Deploying technologies with superior spectral efficiencies, such as LTE and LTE-Advanced is another. Yet, when these two options are exhausted, small cell deployments are key solutions that aim at not only improving capacity, but also at delivering better network quality. This course highlights some of the key benefits that can be measured on an LTE UE, namely battery life improvements and higher throughputs. It also introduces key challenges and 3GPP options to handle interference scenarios.
LTE UE Fundamentals Level 1 (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00279-EN)
This is a hands-on LTE course. This course is of particular interest to network planning engineers who can use the presented techniques to measure actual KPIs, such as actual Noise Figure, reference sensitivity levels, etc. rather than standardized 3GPP KPIs. The explosion of frequency bands introduced by LTE poses considerable challenges in designing the modern Multi-Mode Multi-Band (MMMB) smartphone. While 9 bands is all that is required to cover the world in a 2G/3G terminal, the triple-mode 2G/3G/4G handset needs to support 24 bands (20 FDD and 4 EGPRS); and this becomes 27 if TD-LTE is to be supported! Following a brief overview of the MMMB design challenges, this unique hands-on training course provides simple techniques to measure key DL and UL handset performance, as well as key measurement reports delivered by the handset to the network.
LTE UE Fundamentals Level 2 (3 Days, Course Number 0300-00280-EN)
This is a hands-on LTE course. LTE’s great flexibility and extensive use of advance transmission schemes such as MIMO do not always meet the promised 3GPP target KPIs. Through unique hands-on measurements, this training provides insights into the practical limits of LTE performance. The impact of multipath fading and channel correlation on UE MIMO performance is one key aspect that must be understood prior to performing any RF optimization of an LTE network. Desensitisation mechanisms under commonly deployed carrier aggregation scenarios is another. Finally, with LTE, delivering voice services is not any easier. CSFB, VoLTE and SRVCC are illustrated through call flows performed with a commercial LTE handset. After this course, the delegate is at ease in advanced network performance optimization tasks and has tools to diagnose UE specific issues.

Online Certification Courses Starting Soon!

Increased potental and value for wireless carries and contractors.